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CHAK member health facilities have asked to be included in the pilot phase of the DHP Afya Kenya, an Integrated Digital Health Platform being developed by the MOH, Directorate of Health Policy, Research, Monitoring & Evaluation.
During a presentation at the CHAK Annual Health Conference 2022 by Dr Joseph Sitienei who heads the Directorate, the CHAK members called on the department to provide linkage in the system for FBO health facilities.
To ensure member health units were not left behind and their needs were taken into account during the system’s development, CHAK hosted a separate meeting in which the Directorate of Health Policy, Research, Monitoring & Evaluation made a detailed presentation on the system. The meeting held both virtually and physically at CHAK Guesthouse and Conference Centre was attended by CHAK, KCCB and MEDS representatives. During the meeting, opportunity for installing the National Health Digital Platform in MHUs was discussed.
The system will be the basis for all operations in a health facility and piloting will begin in May 2022. It is broad based and each user can define roles and give necessary permissions. Additionally, the system will avail a self-service portal for patients and each person will be required to create their own portal with all the required details. Another important detail is that services are tied to a particular location. This means that patients cannot be queued for services unless they are physically in the location in which they are to be treated.
For security purposes, there is an authorization and authentication module and a user’s activities can be tracked. The data is encrypted, denying access to unauthorized persons even during transmission. A state-of-the-art data centre will handle the system, and it is anticipated that downtime will be greatly reduced.
Among the infrastructure requirements for the system are:
A team of TOTs will be trained and expected to cascade the system down to the health facilities. CHAK and MHUs will identify TOTs for this purpose.
One of the key challenges foreseen is Internet connectivity which many health facilities in rural areas lack. The system developers are working on integration and are in the process of developing a dictionary to guide this process. However, the system is ready to integrate. Sustainability is also expected to be a key challenge although the system’s development is fully paid for.
A high-level demo link will be sent out to CHAK member facilities as they prepare to adopt the system.
CHAK held its Annual Health Conference and Annual General Meeting 2022 on April 26-28, in Nairobi. The AHC&AGM 2022 whose theme was “Health Systems Transformation for Sustainable Quality Health Care” brought together CHAK members, partners, stakeholders and MOH to discuss developments in the health sector and share systems transformation experiences from the CHAK network.
Several partners also presented successful health service delivery improvement models that were working in CHAK member hospitals.
Rich question and answer and discussion sessions followed each presentation session. The CHAK member health units at the conference took the opportunity offered by the Government session, which comprised presentations on NHIF, vaccines, blood, tissue and human organs transplant services, vaccines and the digital health platform to seek clarifications on issues affecting their operations.
The Annual Health Conference was officially opened by CHAK Chairman Rt. Rev. Charles Asilutwa who is also the Bishop, ACK Diocese of Maseno North. Taking the opening devotion from the Easter story in the Bible (Luke 24), the CHAK Chairman encouraged the conference participants to keep their eyes on God, stay committed to the cause and do their best to serve patients because just like the women found the stone had been rolled away from Jesus’ tomb, God had removed all obstacles from the paths of those who put their trust in Him. Although health workers faced many challenges in their workplaces, such trials had no power over those who know Jesus. The Chairman encouraged the participants saying that God would give those who persevered victory and bless the work of their hands.
Different speakers delivered devotionals on the various conference days and the CHAK praise and worship team was on hand to help focus participants on the network’s Christian mission and liven up the sessions.
CHAK programmes and projects highlighted some of the innovations that yielded positive results during the year.
Dr Catherine Njigua, CHAP Uzima project director, gave a presentation on innovation in HIV testing strategies, focusing on index testing and its contribution to identification of HIV-positive clients in the programme. The strategy had contributed to 57 per cent of HIV positive clients identified in the programme. In the 19 project implementation counties, the strategy had the highest yield in Kilifi where 91 per cent of the HIV-positive cases identified were from index testing.
The USAID Jamii Tekelezi programme has developed ISTREAM, a DHIS2-based platform, for data management. Speaking at the AHC, the project Chief of Party Dr. Mutugi Muriithi said deployment of I-STREAM has increased efficiency in M&E operations and plans were underway to support CHAK MHUs and programs to adopt and institutionalize the system.
The CHAK reproductive health programme (RMNCHA) has also made great strides, equipping health facilities, training health care workers from member health units and improving maternal and child health indicators through community mechanisms. Programme leads, Rose Odeny and Jane Kishoyian updated the conference on these achievements.
The COVID-19 pandemic had continued to push the world to its limits in 2021. CHAK implemented several interventions to equip its member health units and churches to deal with the pandemic which the Annual Health Conference was updated on.
The National Health Care Technical Services (NHCTS) workshop technicians also took the opportunity to market the recently set-up state of the art dosimetry laboratory.
CHAK member health units
CHAK member health units also had opportunity to share systems improvements that were making a positive change in their operations.
The Maua Methodist Hospital team took the AHC participants through the “Multi-dimensional Approach to Health Systems Transformation” that the institution had adopted with great results.
The hospital has undergone a remarkable transformation, from the outpatient department (OPD) to the wards with generous support from African Mission Healthcare (AMH). A new OPD with a reception, revenue and consultation areas has completely changed the face of the institution and the wards have been renovated for privacy and aesthetics.
Issues around human resources for health (HRH) had also been addressed to improve services.
Other developments include introduction of solar energy, revamping of training programmes, embracing virtual meetings, environmental programmes and infrastructure improvements.
Medical training colleges in the CHAK network play a key role in ensuring a steady supply of human resources for health. In a panel discussion moderated by CHAK Human Resources Advisor Patrick Kyalo, Kijabe, Tenwek, Tumutumu, Chogoria and Kendu medical schools highlighted the trainings they were offering and their individual journeys towards expansion and diversification to ensure sustainability.
Among the partners at hand to share their successes in working with mission hospitals were African Mission Healthcare (AMH), Africa Health Network (AHN), which has partnered with several CHAK hospitals to provide dialysis services and Norvatis, which has partnered with CHAK in the fight against Non-Communicable Diseases (NCDs).
During the Annual Health Conference 2022, the CHAK members also received presentations from various Government departments. Dr Nduku Kilonzo from the Kenya Blood Transfusion and Human Organ Transplant Service spoke to the CHAK members on developments in the critical department to improve services.
An overview of the National Vaccines and Immunization Programme was presented by Dr Rose Jalang'o while Mr. Gilbert Osoro, UHC Manager, NHIF, gave a presentation on reforms by the national health insurer towards achievement of Universal Health Coverage.
Dr Joseph Sitienei’s presentation on Digital Transformation in Health Care through
MoH Digital Health Platform elicited much interest from the Annual Health Conference participants and a follow-up session was planned after the event. Dr Sitienei is from the Directorate of Health Policy, Research, Monitoring & Evaluation.
Annual General Meeting
During the AGM held on April 28, elections were held for Regional Coordinating Committee chairs in two regions, namely, Central/Nairobi/South East/Coast and Western/North Rift. Joseph Leo from Cascade of Hope Community Health Centre and Ruth Nabiye from ICFEM Hospital were elected by the AGM to represent the two regions in the CHAK Board (EXCO).
Family Planning (FP) has been defined as getting children by choice not chance. It involves making a conscious decision on family size and spacing between children. Studies show that male involvement positively influences continued use of family planning methods.
In Kenya, family planning is frequently perceived as a woman’s concern, and family planning programs most often target women. Yet men have greater decision-making power over household matters including health care due to gender dynamics.
Religious leaders have been identified as influential advocates for health as they are well trusted in the communities they serve and are able to reach the smallest family units and individuals. Equipped with appropriate messages and skills, religious leaders will not only empower their communities and congregations, leading to increased uptake of health services, including family planning, but are also able to advocate with policy makers and influence key decisions.
Ustadh Rashid Osman, a religious leader from Kilifi County, was one of the 54 faith leaders from six counties in Kenya trained in family planning, gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS advocacy through the Christian Advocacy for Family Planning in Africa (CAFPA) project.
The project, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation through Christian Connections for International Health, engaged religious leaders to advocate for community and policy maker support for family planning, gender-based violence and HIV/AIDS to drive positive policy change. CHAK implemented the project from 2013 to 2021.
Ustadh Rashid says he started off as an ordinary Imam, completely unaware of the effects of gender-based violence, unplanned families and HIV/AIDS on his community. He however got involved in advocacy when he was selected as a family planning champion by the National Council for Population and Development, a government body.
In 2017, due to demand for reliable health information in his community, he thought of forming a CBO for Imams to discuss issues around reproductive health with regard to Islam. Muslim Intervention for Health Education (MIHE) has been instrumental in bringing health messages to the community.
The faith leaders’ training by the CAFPA project, gave Ustadh Rashid additional motivation to continue addressing reproductive health issues in his community. A key challenge for him, however, was getting men involved in FP and reproductive health decisions in their families. Whenever he called meetings to discuss FP and reproductive health only women showed up.
Meanwhile, Ustadh Rashid continued receiving invitations to seminars and workshops to discuss reproductive health issues in the Muslim community. He also continued attending capacity building sessions and holding community meetings in mosques. During the meetings held weekly, the community talked openly about the issues they were facing at home. It became apparent that women were suffering gender-based violence. Early pregnancy was a challenge among the youth that affected families and about which men as the family heads were very concerned. The community therefore began to actively seek solutions to these challenges.
To address the problem of male involvement, Ustadh Rashid began by speaking to men in the mosque where he served as Imam during Friday sermons and prayers. He told them that they were responsible for their households, according to Quran teachings, and needed to get involved in decisions affecting their families. After prayers, he asked the men to stay and discuss HIV/AIDS and teenage pregnancies. The men responded positively because these issues were affecting their households. During these discussions, he introduced family planning and gender-based violence which were regarded as taboo topics in the community.
Ustadh Rashid worked closely with health workers from local health facilities and other religious leaders in the CAFPA project to give the right information to his community. To reach even more mosque congregations in his locality, Ustadh Rashid structured Rabai Sub-County Imams, over who he is in charge, into four wards. He has continued to reach out to Imams in each ward with FP, HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence messages and tasks them with getting the information out to the men in their congregations. Each ward has between nine and 13 Imams. Initially, the Imams were against FP and needed to be convinced that it was allowed in Islam. Utadh Rashid held meetings with the Imams and their congregations, so the community could participate freely in the discussions.
He has also used mainstream media, mainly radio, as well as social media to advocate for FP, HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence. Through radio stations that target the Muslim community in Kilifi County, including Radio Rahma, Msenangu FM and Boss Radio, Ustadh Rashid has been able to pass FP, HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence messages and encourage men’s participation.
He has formed three WhatsApp groups, two targeting Imams and one targeting football coaches to act as advocacy platforms for the health issues affecting his community. Through the WhatsApp platform, Ustadh Rashid is able to address the Imams’ concerns and answer any questions they may have.
Additionally, Utadh Rashid has used Facebook Live, Facebook, Instagram and Twitter to engage his audience. His social media posts are taken positively by the younger audiences who follow him while FP concerns raised on these platforms are appropriately addressed.
Following the training by the CAFPA, Ustadh Rashid felt more empowered to speak about FP, HIV/AIDS and gender-based violence in his community. Additionally, by working closely with health workers from local facilities, he has also been able to reach youth and women in addition to the men.
The Imams working under him in Rabai County have been empowered to speak out on FP and reproductive health issues in their communities, including encouraging men’s participation in discussing and finding solutions to the challenges facing their families.
During the men’s meetings held after Friday prayers, the men agreed that FP was getting the number of children one could comfortably bring up. Further, it was agreed that according to Quran teachings, a woman needed two years to breastfeed a child while couples were advised to take an additional year to attempt conception. This added up to child spacing of three years, removing the idea that FP was not accepted in Islam.
The big question then became which FP methods were allowed in Islam apart from breastfeeding. This opened the door for discussions and it was agreed that non-permanent methods were allowed and acceptable. This view is backed by Muslim scholars whose studies and writings Ustadh Rashid constantly refers to in his teachings, in addition to supporting Quran text.
Before Kenya recorded its first case of COVID -19 infection in March 2020, we had already witnessed how the global pandemic had seriously hit countries with even more robust healthcare systems.
If there was one thing that this pandemic taught us from the onset, it was that fighting this virus was not going to be a government and health workers–only affair. Globally, citizens were already acknowledging the difficult conditions in which frontline workers were battling to save lives.
We saw people lining up the streets in these cities every evening as the day’s shift came to a close. Clapping, hooting and waving as they showed appreciation to the brave healthcare workers who were at the frontlines of the fight against the pandemic. Other than reminding us about the values of humanity, these scenes served to hint to us that to win against this virus, we all had a role to play.
As we got to July 2020 and were approaching the peak of the first wave in Kenya, the country’s healthcare system started to feel the brunt of the pandemic. Limited isolation spaces in government facilities, high cost of care in private facilities, which made them inaccessible to their regular clientele, and a sharp shortage of PPE and other medical equipment threatened the country’s efforts to contain the spread of the virus.This pandemic brought to fore the need for government, private and faith-based healthcare providers to work together to manage the infection numbers.
Mission hospitals have over the years supplemented the country’s public healthcare system through the provision of quality and affordable health services.
During this unprecedented times, these faith-based facilities have proven to be an integral part of the National and County COVID-19 pandemic emergency response infrastructure. They have set aside isolation wards, ICU beds, oxygen treatment support facilities, trained staff and have established protocols for COVID-19 screening, treatment, infection prevention and control.
This has escalated the mission hospitals’ need for PPEs for frontline staff, and other medical equipment.
The current high cost of PPEs and other associated medical consumables not only makes it difficult for mission hospitals to care for COVID-19 patients, but also challenging for them to provide their other patients with the care they need in a safe environment. A majority of these facilities are located outside Nairobi and some of them, like Kijabe, Chogoria, Kikuyu and Tenwek Mission Hospitals, provide highly specialized care to patients who cannot afford to seek treatment in private health facilities because of prohibitive costs.
Unlike government health facilities which are funded by the exchequer and private hospitals, which operate on a business model, mission hospitals are essentially run as charitable institutions inspired by faith foundation and commitment to compassionate service relying on donations and the heavily subsidised fees that they charge their patients. On many occasions, these health facilities have to waive fees for the vulnerable, needy, and very poor patients.
It is for this reason that we are grateful for the donation of PPE kits worth KES 33 million made by Equity Group Foundation (EGF) and the Kenya COVID-19 Fund Board to support mission hospitals with active COVID-19 isolation units. Such donations allow us to continue offering compassionate care to all our patients at affordable costs.
While in the last few weeks we have noted a decline in COVID- 19 case positivity rates, we are not yet out of the woods. To date the country has recorded over 240,000 confirmed infections for those tested and unfortunately we have lost over 5,000 lives . Recently, while addressing the nation as the government reviewed containment measures, Health CS Mutahi Kagwe warned that Nairobi had run out of beds for COVID-19 patients. COVID-19 truly brought a strain on the health system.
With treatment and isolation spaces in public hospitals dwindling in the wake of this surge, and costs keeping many away from private facilities, mission hospitals are more likely to take on even higher numbers of new COVID-19 patients in need of hospital admission. Already, a majority of mission hospitals have designated isolation areas and units set aside to manage COVID -19.
While the donation from Equity and the Kenya COVID-19 Fund Board has gone a long way in plugging the shortfalls in the mission hospitals, we are still far off from being sufficiently equipped to handle the looming surge. This is an opportunity for more Kenyan corporates to come on board and provide the much-needed support to strengthen hospitals infrastructure and capacity for response at this critical time.
Authored by Dr. Samuel Mwenda, General Secretary, CHAK.
Nyanchwa SDA Hospital is the latest CHAK member facility to benefit from a donation of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) from Equity Group Foundation and the Kenya COVID-19 Fund Board. The CHAK member health facility which is located in Kisii County joins other mission hospitals who have benefited from PPE donations by Equity Foundation and the COVID-19 fund worth Ksh33 million.
The donations have benefitted 25 mission hospitals affiliated to CHAK and the Kenya Conference of Catholic Bishops (KCCB) and spread across various counties in Kenya. The PPEs include 750 protective goggles, 25,000 disposable gowns, 500,000 nitrile gloves, 500,000 surgical masks, 750 face shields, 12,500 disposable scrubs, 25,000 head covers, 5,000 coveralls and 50,000 KN95 respirator masks.
Speaking during the official PPE handover ceremony held at CHAK offices earlier in the year, Equity Group Managing Director and CEO, Dr James Mwangi, said the Equity foundation and COVID-19 Fund Board recognized the role played by mission hospitals in the fight against COVID-19 and in contributing to accessible and affordable health care in the country.
“Through KCCB and CHAK, we received a request to support 60 mission hospitals across Kenya. As EGF and the COVID-19 Fund Board, we have saw it prudent to make an initial donation to those mission facilities with active COVID-19 isolation units that are currently managing the care of admitted patients”, said Dr Mwangi.
Speaking during the event, CHAK Chairman Rev. Dr. Robert Lang’at noted that despite the major role played by the faith-based hospitals in the fight against the pandemic, they were faced with PPE shortages due to financial challenges.
“As CHAK, we are privileged to have a presence through our member mission hospitals in 45 out of the 47 counties. The provision of PPEs by Equity Group Foundation and the Kenya COVID-19 Fund Board will play a huge role in safeguarding the lives of our frontline healthcare workers. Faith based mission hospitals have proven to be critical in the country’s COVID-19 response and the PPEs issued today will help us leverage on the unique strengths of the faith community to mitigate the effects of the pandemic,” said Dr Lang’at.
Another 35 mission health facilities will benefit from an additional consignment of PPEs when their COVID-19 inpatient isolation and management units are active.
The benefitting health facilities have established Hospital Liaison Committees to support management of PPEs. They committees are mandated to receive, distribute, oversee proper usage and re-order to ensure consistent supply of the PPEs to the health care workers. The Liaison Committees for each hospital comprises nominated representatives from Equity; and Healthcare worker representatives, a medical doctor, a clinical officer and a nurse who are members of their professional associations, together with the hospital’s stores in-charge.
The distribution of locally manufactured PPEs is an initiative of Equity Group Foundation and the Kenya COVID-19 Fund Board as part of a coordinated effort to support frontline healthcare workers through the provision of PPEs.
Speaking at the event, CHAK chairman REV.Dr. Robert Lang ‘at stated that the covid -19 pandemic had created a tough time for people. He noted that faith based hospitals have been on the frontline providing routine health services, while managing covid-19. Despite the major role played by the faith based hospitals in the fight against this pandemic, the hospitals have faced a major challenge of accessing adequate PPEs and financing due to the hard economic challenges.
Equity Group Managing Director and CEO,Dr James Mwangi Said ,out of 32 level 4&5 hospitals recommended for support, Equity Group Foundation had agreed to support them in 3 phases, priority being given to the first 10 hospitals, which are already providing treatment services to covid -19 patients. He also added that the second phase distribution would focus on the remaining 35 mission health facilities, which will benefit from an additional consignment of PPEs when the covid -19 inpatient isolation and management units are actively in use.KCCB Chairman Rt.Rev.Joseph Mbatia acknowledged the efforts made by the Equity group foundation and The Kenya covid -19 fund board, pointing out that the donation will go a long way in protecting our health workers and trickle down to benefit communities at the grassroot level.
The PPEs donated include;750 protective goggles,25,000 disposable gowns, 500,000 nitrile gloves,500,000 surgical masks,750 face shields,12,500 disposable scrubs,25,000 headcovers,5,000 coveralls and 50,000 KN95 respirator masks. Faith based hospitals have continued to complement the government response to covid-19 and have been receiving and managing covid -19 patients, with moderate to severe illness. The hospitals have also set aside isolation wards,ICU beds, oxygen treatment support facilities, trained staff and also established protocol for covid-19 screening,treatment,infection prevention and control. This has resulted to the dire need of PPEs for the protection of frontline staff
The burden of covid -19 pandemic continues to grow in Kenya. As at 16th June 2021,the country had recorded 176,622 cases, with 3,428 deaths and 97% of the cases were from local transmission across all the counties. A total of 5369 health workers have been infected, and 40 deaths reported. This includes those from faith based organizations.
The private sector initiative has led the way in providing PPEs for health workers and in promoting local production, which has drastically reduced the cost of PPEs and increased access. The covid-19 fund board and Equity Group Foundation have done exemplary well in leading the covid-19 response in the country. The donations will help a large population of Kenyans who rely on mission hospitals for healthcare services, as well as protect our frontline health workers who serve selflessly.
The event provided a great platform for CHAK member networks and The Equity Group Foundation to build a long-term relationship, and most importantly collaborate in patient referrals and health workers training.
Focus on CHAK Annual Health Conference 2021
The CHAK Annual Health Conference 2021 was successfully held on April 27 and 28, 2021. This was the first time in the history of CHAK that the event has been held virtually. Participants at the event were drawn from CHAK member health units, stakeholders, partners and other Africa Christian Health Associations.
With the theme ‘COVID-19 Pandemic; building resilience for Faith Based Health Services’, the conference focused on developments in the COVID-19 pandemic in Kenya, role of faith-based health services and facility-based management of the illness.
CHAK Chairman Rt. Rev. Dr. Robert Lang’at set the mood for the conference by delivering the opening devotion focusing on the power of innovation. Basing the opening devotion on Isaiah 63:15-19, Rt. Rev. Dr. Lang’at that every sector, including health care and the Church, had been greatly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Pandemics witnessed over the years had killed millions and destroyed civilisations. The Chairman challenged CHAK member health units to ensure the facilities were not made dinosaurs by the pandemic. “We need to pray to God for innovative ideas in the pandemic,” noted Dr. Lang’at.
The virtual CHAK Annual Health Conference, he noted, was an example of innovation. Dr. Lang’at further challenged the CHAK member health units to use the lessons learned during the COVID-19 pandemic to innovate solutions to various challenges.
Dr. Willis Akhwale, Chairman, COVID-19 Vaccine Deployment Taskforce, gave an overview of the programme roll out and progress. Dr. Akhwale also spoke to the CHAK Annual Health Participants on the emerging issues, planned monitoring and improvements to the vaccine roll out programme. He observed that a third of the COVID-19 vaccinations done country-wide were in Nairobi County with people above 58 years recording the highest number of doses received. A key discussion point during the session was the role of faith-based health facilities in the vaccination exercise. Dr. Akhwale noted that faith-based health facilities were key allies to the Government in health service provision and would be tasked with vaccinating the population during the second phase of the exercise, working side by side with county health facilities. Concerns on the side effects of COVID-19 vaccines, availability of the second dose of the Astra Zeneca Vaccine for people who have already been given the first dose, level of protection offered by the vaccine and possibility of people making a choice between vaccine brands were also raised by the conference participants.
Infection Prevention and Control
Speaking on infection prevention and control in a hospital setting, Dr Duncan Nyukuri noted that health facilities were ideal settings for COVID-19 transmission and took participants through the hierarchy of IPC controls. Discussions during the infection prevention session centred on transmission, referral, testing and handling the deceased.
COVID-19 messages of hope and the role of the faith community
Dr. Catherine Njigua, CHAP Uzima Project Director, spoke on the interfaith COVID-19 response, an initiative leveraging on the unique strengths of the faith community to mitigate the effects of COVID-19. The initiative focuses on:
The initiative has actively disseminated seven key messages of hope as follows:
COVID-19 management at facility level
Dr. Douglas Gaitho from Aga Khan University Hospital delivered an insightful presentation on management of COVID-19 at health facility level. Key areas covered in the presentation were:
The presentation also covered the progress of COVID-19 management through the first second and third waves of the disease.
Lessons from CHAK member health units
AGC Tenwek and PCEA Chogoria hospitals were able to share their experiences with managing COVID-19 patients.
Focusing on the conference theme of ‘resilience’ and adding ‘hope’ in the drawn-out war against the pandemic, Tenwek Hospital gave a presentation on efforts by the institution to care for thousands of COVID-19 patients while continuing to offer services in other disease areas. Departments and individuals in the institution contributed their talents and strengths towards fighting the pandemic. Allowing only one visitor per patient, COVID-19 screening through temperature checks on entry, handwashing and sanitizing, observing social distancing at all points and appropriate messaging were some of the measures undertaken by the hospital in the fight against the pandemic.
Among the challenges that the hospital has experienced in the fight against the pandemic are:
However, staff have now accepted the vaccine and many of them have received the injection. They have proceeded to serve tirelessly, competently and courageously in efforts to defeat the virus.
The CHAK Annual Health Conference 2021 offered a rich learning experience for CHAK member health facilities as the world at large and Kenya in particular continues to grapple with the COVID-19 pandemic. Being the first virtual annual health conference for CHAK, the forum is an example of the ‘new normal’ each of us has had to grapple with since the advent of the pandemic in early 2020 and the importance of innovation and resilience, two subjects covered at length in the forum, in overcoming the challenges associated with the disease.
Despite a seemingly flattening COVID-19 curve by the end of February 2021, the Government has continued to announce a daily increase in the number of infections and deaths.
CHAK member health units have responded to the challenge of COVID-19 by taking various measures including establishment of isolation centres, well-equipped COVID-19 wards with oxygen supply, community sensitization, seeking support from different partners, among others.
It is against this backdrop that CHAK re-doubled its efforts to build the capacity of its member units to deal with the pandemic, reaching over 450 of the health facilities under its umbrella with these efforts.
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